KAS MAINS November 1, 2021


Kerala PSC KAS Mains Syllabus

The Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) mains examination will be a descriptive type examination containing 3 papers of 100 marks each.

SL NO Paper Maximum Marks Exam Duration
1 Paper I 100 02 hours
2 Paper-II 100 02 hours
3 Paper III 100 02 hours

Questions of the Main examination will be provided in English while the candidates can write the answers
either in English or in Malayalam. The exam schedule for the KAS Mains exam is:

Paper Exam Date Exam Time Maximum Duration
Paper: 1
November 20, 2020
09: 30 AM to 12 PM
2 hours each
Paper-II 1: 30 PM to 4 PM
Paper III November 21, 2020 09: 30 AM to 12 PM

History of India, Kerala, and Culture of Kerala

  • Maximum Marks: 100
  • Exam Duration: 2 hours
Paper         Syllabus
Paper: 1
  • Salient features and major landmarks of ancient and medieval India
  • Art, culture, literature and Architecture
  • Major Dynasties, their administrative system, social, religious and economic conditions prominent movements
  • Modern Indian History (from the 18th century up to the present)
    significant events, personalities and issues
  • India – Struggle for independence
  • Social and religious reform movements in the 19th and 20th century
  • India after Independence, Post independent consolidation and reorganisation
  • Independent India and her neighbours.
  • Pre-Independence socio-political movements.
  • Formation of Kerala State, Political parties, movements, Governments, Landmark legislation and policies.
  • Industrial revolution
  • World wars
  • Redraw of National boundaries
  • Colonialisation and decolonisation,
  • Globalisation
  • Communism, Capitalism, Socialism – their forms and effects in society.
  • Cultural Heritage of Kerala Art Forms, literature, sculpture, architecture, salient features of society
  • Kerala Tribal culture, Pilgrimage, Tourist places, Folk Culture, Cinema, Theatre
  • History and evolution of Malayalam language and literature.


Indian Constitution, Public Administration, Political System, Governance, Social Justice and International Relations

  • Maximum Marks: 100
  • Exam Duration: 2 hours
Paper         Syllabus
Paper: II
  • Indian Constitution and its salient features
  • Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Parliament and State
    Legislatures – structure, function, power and privileges.
  • Issues and challenges pertaining to Federal Structure – Devolution of Power and
    Finances up to local levels and challenges therein
  • Constitutional Authorities – Powers, Functions and Responsibilities
  • Panchayati Raj, Public Policy and Governance, Impact of L.P.G on Governance
  • Statutory, Regulatory and Quasi-judicial bodies
  • Rights Issues (Human rights, Women rights, SC/ ST rights, Child rights, etc.),
    Important Acts
  • India’s Foreign Policy, International Organisations, International Treaties and Forums, their structure and mandate
  • Judiciary in India – Structure and functions, important provisions
    relating to Emergency and Constitutional amendments, Judicial review,
  • Public Interest Litigation, Land Revenue Laws
  • Fundamental rights, fundamental duties and Directive Principles
  • Principles of Administrative Law.
  • Science and Technology: Nature and scope of Science and Technology, Relevance of S&T, National policy on Science and Technology and innovations, Basics of everyday science, Human body, Public Health and Community Medicine, Food and Nutrition, Health Care.
  • Institutes and Organization in India promoting the integration of S&T and Innovation, their activities and contributions, Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists.
  • Nature and Scope of ICT, ICT in day to day life, ICT and industry, ICT and Governance – various Government schemes promoting the use of ICT, e-Governance Programmes and Services, Netiquettes, Cyber Security concerns – National Cyber Crime Policy. MIS. Artificial Intelligence – benefits and impacts, Robotics.
  • Evolution of Indian Space programme, ISRO – it’s activities and achievements, various Satellite Programmes – DRDO-vision, mission and activities.
  • India’s existing energy needs and deficit, India’s energy resources and dependence, Renewable and Non-renewable energy resources, Energy Policy of India – Government Policies and Programmes, Energy Security and Nuclear Policy of India.
  • Issues and concerns related to the environment, its legal aspects, policies and treaties for the protection of the environment at the National and the International level, Environment protection for sustainable development.
    Biodiversity – its importance and concerns, Climate change, International initiatives (Policies, Protocols) and India’s commitment, Western Ghats, Features, Characteristics and issues.
  • Forest and wildlife – Legal framework for Forest and Wildlife Conservation in India.
  • Environmental Hazards, Pollution, Carbon Emission, Global Warming. National action plans on climate change and Disaster Management.
  • Developments in Biotechnology, Green Technology and Nanotechnology.

Economy and Planning and Geography

  • Maximum Marks: 100
  • Exam Duration: 2 hours

Economy and Planning

Paper         Syllabus
Paper: III
  • Indian economy on the eve of independence. Indian economy in the post-reform period – new economic reforms, NITI Aayog, National Income and Per Capita Income, Sectoral Composition (Output and Employment) – Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Development under different policy regimes (including Five Year Plans) – Goals, Constraints, Institutions and Policy framework.
  • Agriculture Sector, Land Reforms in India, Technological change in Agriculture – Major Crops and Cropping patterns in various parts of the Country, Irrigation, Pricing of agriculture inputs and outputs, Agricultural Finance Policy and Marketing, Issues in Food Security and Public Distribution System, Green Revolution, Policies for sustainable agriculture and organic farming.
  • Industrial Policy, Public Sector Enterprises and their performance, Growth and pattern of industrialization, Small-scale sector, Productivity in the industrial sector, SEZ and industrialization, foreign investment and competition policy, e-Commerce, Effects of liberalisation on the economy.
  • Infrastructure in Indian Economy, Meaning and importance of infrastructure – Water Supply and Sanitation- Energy and Power – Science and Technology – Rural and Urban Infrastructure, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, Telecommunication, Dams, Inland Waterways. Social Impact Assessment.
  • Trends and Patterns in the structure of the population over time – Growth rate, Gender Rural-Urban Migration, Literacy, Regional Structure and trends of Poverty and Inequality, Unemployment – trends, Structure and National Rural Employment policies. Indicators of development – Physical Quality of Life Index, Human Development Index, Human Poverty Index, Gender Development Index, National Happiness Index.
  • Indian Public Finance, Government Budgeting, Indian Tax System, Public Expenditure, Public Debt, Deficit and Subsidies in the Indian Economy. Centre-State financial relation. Recent fiscal and monetary policy issues and their impact, the structure of Indian Banking and Non-Banking Financial Institutions and reforms, GST: Concept and Implications. Stock exchange and share market.
  • Trend, Composition, Structure and direction of India’s Foreign Trade. India’s Balance of payments situation in the post reforms period.
  • The economy of Kerala State-an overview, Population, Major agriculture, Industry, Service sector issues. Infrastructure and resources, Major Developmental Projects, Programmes and Schemes. Co-operative Sector. History and relevant policies in traditional industries, IT Sector, Pravasi and Foreign remittance.
  • Kerala model development – (Land reforms, Social security, devolution of Power, Decentralised Planning, Housing, Tourism, Women Empowerment, Social Welfare Schemes, Disaster Management. Role and Function of Kerala Planning Board,
    Achievements of Kerala in Health and Education Sector: Policies, Programmes, Initiatives and Impacts


Paper         Syllabus
Paper: III
  • General Geography: Solar system, Motion of Earth, Concept of time, Seasons, Internal structure of the Earth, Major Landforms and their features. Atmosphere – Structure and Composition, elements and
    factors of Climate, Airmasses and Fronts, atmospheric disturbances.
    Oceans: Physical, Chemical and Biological characteristics,
    Hydrological Disasters, Marine and Continental Resources
  • Physical, Social, Economic Geography of World, India and Kerala
    Geophysical phenomena